how many americans died in world war ii

Historians often put forward many different estimates of the numbers killed and wounded during World War II. Vietnamese sources put the number of deaths during the 1944–45 famine in North Vietnam at between 1 and 2 million.              Sumatra: 2,700, 500, (3,200) Estonian State Commission on Examination of Policies of Repression;The White Book: Losses inflicted on the Estonian nation by occupation regimes. Bericht des Bundesarchivs vom 28. 411–12. Bonn 1989, pp. D. The systematic extermination of large numbers of people for political, religious or racial reasons. Total casualties were 668,315 including 299,485 dead, 24,010 missing and 344,820 injured. [265] Rosefielde's demographic analysis puts the number of excess deaths due to Soviet repression at 2,183,000 in 1939–40 and 5,458,000 from 1941 to 1945. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. & Jap. by Michael Berenbaum New York University Press 1990; Niewyk, Donald L. The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust, Columbia University Press, 2000; Timothy Snyder, Bloodlands, Basic Books 2010, pp. They included about two million civilians on both sides of the conflict, along with 1.1 million Viet Cong and North Vietnamese fighters. [468] About 291,000 members of the armed forces died in combat in World War II. Although most battles were fought in Europe, America was very active in the war, also suffering great losses. Ingo Haar, "Straty zwiazane z wypedzeniami: stan badañ, problemy, perspektywy", Die Flucht der deutschen Bevölkerung 1944/45, "Does Germany owe Greece wartime reparations money? Wars and Population. The German economist.     3- The section The Effect of Bombing on Health and Medical Care in Germany of January 1947 made a preliminary calculated estimate of air raid dead at 422,000.        3,700 Dutch nationals in the German armed forces and 7,500 missing and presumed dead in Germany and 16,000 deaths No reliable statistics on Albania's wartime losses exist, but the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration reported about 30,000 Albanian war dead. Bericht des Bundesarchivs vom 28. Deported from annexed territories 1940–41 380,000 to 390,000 persons, including: Poland 309–312,000; Lithuania 17,500; Latvia 17,000; Estonia 6,000; Moldova 22,842. The Japanese government figures for POW deaths are not in agreement with Soviet figures. Sankt-Peterburg 1995, Edwin Bacon, Glasnost and the Gulag: New information on Soviet forced labour around World War II. [220], — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum[248]. The casualties listed here include 19 to 25 million war-related famine deaths in the USSR, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and India that are often omitted from other compilations of World War II casualties.[15][16]. These figures include the casualties in Tokyo (東京) 97,031 dead, 6,034 missing and 113,923 injured; in Hiroshima (広島) 86,141 dead, 14,394 missing and 46,672 injured, in Nagasaki (長崎) 26,238 dead, 1,947 missing and 41,113 injured. Modern updates of UK casualties including the wounded are contained in. by Konrad Adenauer. Census Bureau cited the following source for the population at 1/1/1939 for Czechoslovakia, State Statistical Office, Statistical Bulletin of Czechoslovakia, v. II (1947) no. other overseas 23,388 killed and 0 wounded Since casualty statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to this article present the different estimates by official governmental sources as well as historians.              Korea: 19,600, 6,900, (26,500) The Austrian government provides the following information on human losses during the rule of the Nazis. Holocaust Encyclopedia "Jehovah's Witnesses, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Holocaust Encyclopedia: "Freemasonry Under the Nazi Regime", "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. [621] The USHMM reports between 77,000 and 99,000 persons were killed at the Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška concentration camps. During World War II, the German military helped fulfill Nazism's racial, political, and territorial ambitions. Some auxiliary and civilian organizations are also accorded war grave status if death occurred under certain specified conditions. All sides practiced the shooting of hostages on a large scale. Included with total war dead are victims of Japanese war crimes. The Americans accidentally bombed neutral Switzerland during the war causing civilian casualties. The total death count for all Americans amounted up to 420,000. These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders, (1961) The West German government issued a statement listing a total of 7,032,800 war dead: (military dead 3,760,000 in prewar 1937 borders, (1984) A German demographic study estimated 6,900,000 deaths caused by the war in prewar 1937 borders, (1991) A German demographic study estimated 5,450,000 to 5,600,000 war dead (4,300,000 military dead; 430,000 civilians killed in bombing raids and the land campaign and 882,000 deaths due to expulsions from Poland). Hungarian Jewish losses of 569,000 presented here include the territories annexed in 1939–41. The German military participated in many aspects of the Holocaust: in supporting Hitler, in the use of forced labor, and in the mass murder of Jews and other groups targeted by the Nazis. Moscow, Nauka, 1993; S. N. Mikhalev, Liudskie poteri v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945 gg: Statisticheskoe issledovanie, Krasnoiarskii gos. About 4% of U.S. troops were unavailable for combat at any given moment during the war. Military casualties include deaths of regular military forces from combat as well as non-combat causes. The statistics tabulated by the CWGC are representative of the number of names commemorated for all servicemen/women of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth and former UK Dependencies, whose death was attributable to their war service. 1- The summary report of September 30, 1945 put total casualties for the entire period of the war at 305,000 killed and 780,000 wounded. Total war dead of 357,116; Navy (50,758); Army (144,079); Air Force (69,606); Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service (624); [191] Estimates of Holocaust deaths range between 4.9 and 5.9 million Jews.[192].            Confirmed dead were 159,957 (92,767 pre-armistice, 67,090 post armistice)[466] Forgotten History: 13,000 Americans Died While Training To Fight In World War II. The U.S. Bureau of the Census noted that the official Yugoslav government figure of 1.7 million war dead was overstated because it "was released soon after the war and was estimated without the benefit of a postwar census". ), The preliminary data for Canadian losses included killed 37,476, missing 1,843, wounded 53,174 and, An academic study of the Chinese population concluded that "a conservative estimate would put total human casualties directly caused by the war of 1937–1945 at between 15,000,000 and 20,000,000", The official Chinese government (communist) statistic for China's civilian and military casualties in the. (German Federal Statistical Office), Germany reports. The number of deaths in the Gulag labor camps increased as a result of wartime overcrowding and food shortages. Mexico lost 7 merchant ships and 63 dead merchant mariners. During World War II Japan occupied Nauru in August 1942 and deported 1,200 Nauruans to work as laborers in the Caroline Islands, where 463 died. How many Americans have died in war?              Java: 2,700, 3,800, (6,500) vs. U.K. and Netherlands 208,026 killed and 139,225 wounded. The commission found that the demographic estimates by the German government of 220,000 to 270,000 civilian deaths due to expulsions from Czechoslovakia were based on faulty data. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. I. C. B. Dear and M. R. D. Foot Oxford Companion to World War II Oxford, 2005; Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960 Bonn 1961 p.78 (available online at. The armed forces of the various nations are treated as single entities, for example the deaths of Austrians, French and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe in the. (This paper was a presentation at an academic conference in Warsaw Poland in 1994), Dzieje Najnowsze Rocznik XXI-1994, Pistohlkors, Gert. It also includes foreign volunteers who died during their service in Finland and Finnish SS-men who died while serving in the German army. [157]              Celebes: 1,500, 4,000, (5,500) Soviet sources list the deaths of 474,967 of the 2,652,672 German Armed Forces, Estimated total Soviet military war dead in 1941–45 on the. In 2018, the United States Holocaust museum has the number of murdered during the time period of the holocaust at 17 million - 6 million Jews and 11 million others. The estimated breakdown for each Soviet republic of total war dead[10]^AY4.            Losses by branch of service: Army 201,405; Navy 22,034; Air Force 9,096; Colonial Forces 354; Chaplains 91; Fascist militia POW deaths 4,000. World War II. (Victims of Two Dictatorships.              Army total 1,140,429 killed and 295,247 wounded. Civilian war dead were approximately 2,100, French military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces (1939–40. Included in the figures of total war dead for each nation are victims of the Holocaust.            Germany 25,430 (24,020 post armistice); Greece, Albania, and Yugoslavia 49,459 (10,090 post armistice); Vertreibungsgebieten östlich von Oder und Neiße. Edited by Executive Office of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister's Office. The Hahn's maintain that the 473,013 confirmed deaths is a correct accounting of the losses. Since the collapse of the USSR, Polish scholars have been able to do research in the Soviet archives on Polish losses during the Soviet occupation. 13, No. H.W. Military losses with USSR against Japan in the 1939. Approximately 5000 of them were exterminated in the water by kamikaze attacks. Andreev EM; Darsky LE; Kharkova TL, Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes. 2: 1978 (3,000,000), Encyclopædia Britannica – 1992 (2,384,000), The Expulsion of 'German' Communities from Eastern Europe at the end of the Second World War, Steffen Prauser and Arfon Rees, European University Institute, Florence. Eisei Ishikawa, David L. Swain, Committee for the Compilation of Materials on Damage Caused by the Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Physical Medical and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings, Basic Books, 1981. (2005) The German government issued a report listing total war dead of 7,375,800 (3,100,000 soldiers killed; 1,200,000 soldiers missing; 500,000 civilians killed in bombing raids; 2,251,500 civilian victims of expulsions and deportations; 24,300 Austrian civilians killed and 300,000 victims of Nazi racial, religious or political persecution. According to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare 65,000 soldiers and civilians were killed in the 1945 military campaign against the Soviet Union. Over the course of the Second World War, the U.S. Army recorded about 17 milli… Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. After the reoccupation by the USSR, 16,000 Estonians died in Soviet repressions during 1944–53. They estimated German casualties up until April 30, 1945 at 2,230,324 dead, 2,870,404 missing and POW held by Allies.          Merchant Navy (30,248); British Home Guard (1,206) and Civilians (60,595). [266] Michael Haynes and Rumy Husun accept the figures from the Soviet archives as being an accurate tally of Stalin's victims, they maintain that the demographic data depicts an underdeveloped Soviet economy and the losses in World War Two rather than indicating a higher death toll in the Gulag labor camps. Egyptian military casualties were 1,125 killed and 1,308 wounded. In addition, the war and genocidal policy were inextricably linked. Total Bulgarian military war dead were 18,500 including 6,671 battle deaths, There were 3,000 civilian deaths in Allied air raids including 1,400 in the bombing of Sofia, A Russian historian in a handbook of human losses in the 20th century has provided the following assessment of Bulgarian casualties:Military deaths: 2,000 military Axis occupation forces in Yugoslavia and Greece; 10,124 dead, Military casualties with the pro-Japanese, Library and Archives Canada puts military losses at 44,090 (24,525 Army, 17,397 Air Force, 2,168 Navy. Military dead were estimated with Soviet forces at 10,000 and 15,000 with German. Остарбайтеры и военнопленные в Третьем Рейхе и их репатриация. [264] Rosefielde maintains that the data from the Soviet archives is incomplete; for example, he pointed out that the figures do not include the 22,000 victims of the Katyn massacre. Every day from Sept. 1, 1939-Aug. 14, 1945, 27,000 people were killed. Posts about How many Americans died in World War II written by Lloyd Lofthouse.            10,066; Paramilitary 3,252; not indicated 45,078. The vast majority of these casualties were military personnel. Mai 1974. sfn error: no target: CITEREFErlikhman2004 (, Lennart Lundberg Handelsflottan under andra världskriget, p. 9. universitet (Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University). An earlier estimate made in 1987 by Franciszek Proch of the Polish Association of Former Political Prisoners of Nazi and Soviet Concentration Camps estimated the total dead due to the Soviet occupation at 1,050,000. Dtv, Neuauflage 1992. The West German government put the number of Germans killed by the Nazi political, racial and religious persecution at 300,000 (including 170,000 German Jews). Army [412] English language sources put the death toll at 2 to 3 million based on the West German government statistical analysis of the 1950s. Heike Liebau et al., World in World Wars: Experiences, Perceptions, and Perspectives from Africa and Asia. Civilian war dead are included with the nations where they resided. ), München: Piper 1989, S. 858–873, Ufficio Storico dello Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. World War II Casualties for Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. This would bring the total number of Italian military personnel killed to some 341,000 (excluding colonial troops). German Federal Archive Spieler, Silke. This means that around 3 percent of the entire 1939 world population died in the war. Holocaust Encyclopedia "Nazi Persecution of Soviet Prisoners of War, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Holocaust Encyclopedia: "The German Army and the Racial Nature of the War Against the Soviet Union, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Holocaust Encyclopedia: "Persecution of Homosexuals in the Third Reich. 1-Summary Report (July 1946) Total civilian casualties in Japan, as a result of 9 months of air attack, including those from the atomic bombs, were approximately 806,000. 600,000 POWs of Allies; 50,000 POWs of Russians; 650,000 POWs of Germans, U. S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN [273] Ed. Out of those, 405,399 were killed, including 291,557 in … The total still missing on 2/28/1946 were 6,244; Navy (340); Army (2,267); Air Force (3,089); Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service (18); ), The British colony of Malaya consisted of the. Some parishes continued burying in the Second World War military cemeteries up to the 1980s. These figures (cited below) are based on necessarily rough estimates". Людские потери СССР в период второй мировой войны: сборник статей -Human Losses of the USSR in the Period of WWII: Collection of Articles. Figure does not include the Nazi euthanasia program, German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. According to the Department of Defense's Directorate of Information, Operations and Reports, a total of 16,112,566 people served in the American forces. B. German forces, under express orders from Hitler, fought with a special vengeance against the Serbs, who were considered Untermensch. The names of U.S. (1947) The combined staff of the U.K., Canada and the U.S. prepared "A study of the employment of German manpower from 1933–1945". Krasnoiarskii gos. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959. p. 252, Waller Wynne, Population of Czechoslovakia. The database contains civilians in case they have been buried at a military cemetery. "Christian Streit: Keine Kameraden: Die Wehrmacht und die Sowjetischen Kriegsgefangenen, 1941–1945, Bonn: Dietz (3. Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers. 3).        20,400 killed by acts of war, 104,000 Jewish Holocaust dead, 18,000 political prisoners in Germany, 27,000 workers in Germany, Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) Warszawa 2009. The official Russian figure for total POW held by the Germans is 4,059,000; the number of Soviet, Conscripted reservists is an estimate of men called up, primarily in 1941, who were killed in battle or died as. Saint-Petersburg, 1995. Estonia's human losses due to the Soviet and German occupation of Estonia from 1940 to 1945 were approximately 67,000 persons based on a study by Estonian State Commission on Examination of Policies of Repression. Data from the Netherlands Institute of War Documentation puts the number of Dutch POW captured by the Japanese at 37,000 of whom 8,500 died. Updated February 26, 2010", "Tables "Battle casualties by type of casualty and disposition, type of personnel, and theater: 7 December 1941 – 31 December 1946" through "Battle casualties by type of casualty and disposition, and duty branch: 7 December 1941 – 31 December 1946, "American Merchant Marine in World War 2", "The Public Health Service Commissioned Corps | Defense Media Network", "NOAA History /NOAA Legacy/NOAA Corps and the Coast and Geodetic Survey", "G.F. Krivosheev. World War II. & Jap.              Borneo: 11,300, 6,700, (18,000) in Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before 1991. German sources do not provide figures for Soviet citizens conscripted by Germany. Civilian casualties include deaths caused by strategic bombing, Holocaust victims, German war crimes, Japanese war crimes, population transfers in the Soviet Union, Allied war crimes, and deaths due to war-related famine and disease.              Japan proper 10,543 killed and 6,782 wounded World War II has been the bloodiest war in human history, killing over 60 million people. More than 400,000 Americans died during World War II. With regards to the Partisan casualties, a ministerial study published in 1955 listed the partisans killed or executed as 35,828; however, the, With regards to the Italian Social Republic casualties, the. So many numbers boggle the mind. The US saw 291,557 battle deaths during World War II, according to the Department of Veterans Affairs. The latter two conflicts took by far the most American lives, with 140,414 battle deaths during the Civil War on the Union side and 291,557 American battle deaths throughout World War II. Aufl. 735-38. [259] The Russian scholar Viktor Zemskov puts the death toll from 1941 to 1945 at about 1 million based on data from the Soviet archives. The additions were the annexation of the, Estimates in the west for the population transfers differ. 1993. In addition the civilian population was conscripted by the Japanese as forced laborers and were subjected to numerous mindless atrocities. The names of individual U.S. military personnel killed in World War II can be found at the U.S. National Archives. The number of partisans escalated during the final insurrection of April 1945. G. The demographic losses due to the reduction of 335,000 births and emigration of about 660,000 are not included with war casualties.[157]. The following notes summarize German casualties, the details are presented in German casualties in World War II. – pp. Holocaust Encyclopedia "How many Catholics were killed during the Holocaust? My almanac sources vary but roughly 292,000 American service men died in the war due to battle. DW takes a look at the events of 1945 and examines how Germany has emerged from the rubble of war to become the country it is today. F. Allied bombing of German supply lines caused civilian casualties. World War II has been the bloodiest war in human history, killing over 60 million people. ^BF  United States These figures included the losses of Newfoundland and Southern Rhodesia. Total military dead were put at 4,440,000 (3,760,000 in prewar 1937 borders. Overseas service: 73% served overseas, with an average of 16 months abroad. This belief is untrue. The introduction to the memorial on the website says, "The memory of America's World War II … Wiesbaden, Distribution: F. Steiner, 1961, p. 32, Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960 Bonn 1961 p. 78, available online at. Warfare and Armed Conflicts – A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1500–2000. All rights reserved. 1056–57, Table 607. ), Independent Russian historian Vadim Erlikman estimated Lithuanian civilian war dead in 1941–45 at 345,000 (25,000 in military operations; 230,000 executed, 15,000 in Germany and 75,000 due to hunger and disease. The figures for the pre-war Jewish population and deaths in the table below are from The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. 53–54. Using this definition, the total number of. Site created in November 2000. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami. [274] Over 16.5 million men and women served in the armed forces during World War II, of whom 291,557 died in battle, 113,842 died from other causes, and 670,846 were wounded. Bevölkerungsbilanzen für die deutschen Vertreibungsgebiete 1939/50.Herausgeber: Statistisches Bundesamt – Wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958. Mai 1974. Included in the losses are 64,000 victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews. Saint-Petersburg, 1995; Российская академия наук (Russian Academy of Sciences). 2 million German women aged 13-70 were… Holocaust Encyclopedia "Blacks During the Holocaust, "Wiesenthal Center: Croatia Must Act To Counter Veneration Of Fascist Ustashe Past | Simon Wiesenthal Center", https://www.routledge.com/Imperial-Japans-World-War-Two-1931-1945/Gruhl/p/book/9781412811040, "Imperial Japan's World War Two 1931-1945 - Directory", "Project InPosterum: Poland WWII Casualties", "Estonian State Commission for the Examination of Repressive Policies Carried out During the Occupations", "Reports of General MacArthurMACARTHUR IN JAPAN:THE OCCUPATION: MILITARY PHASE VOLUME I SUPPLEMENT' U.S. Government printing Office 1966 p. 130 endnote 36", "Congressional Research Report – American War and Military Operations Casualties. MacArthur in Japan: The Occupation: Military Phase, Volume I Supplement – U.S. Government printing Office 1966, p. 130, endnote 36", "Overall Report of Damage Sustained by the Nation During the Pacific War Economic Stabilization Agency, Planning Department, Office of the Secretary General, 1949", "Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Subsequent Weapons Testing". Navy total 414,879 killed and 14,155 wounded and missing.              French Indochina: 7,900, 4,500, (12,400) Compiling or estimating the numbers of deaths and wounded caused during wars and other violent conflicts is a controversial subject. These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders. The U.S. Bureau of the Census published a report in 1954 that concluded that Yugoslav war-related deaths were 1,067,000. Soviet sources list the deaths of 403 of the 2,377 Finnish. [495], 2-United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Medical Division (1947) The bombing of Japan killed 333,000 civilians and injured 473,000. E. Reduced food supply caused famine and disease. As of June 2018 total of US World War II casualties listed as MIA is 72,823 e. ^ Korean War : … [498], 5-Strategic Bombing Survey The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki The most striking result of the atomic bombs was the great number of casualties. [10] The People's Republic of China puts its war dead at 20 million,[11] while the Japanese government puts its casualties due to the war at 3.1 million.[12]. Millions of civilians and military members were killed in this war, which is the deadliest global war in history. (1993). U.S. Army figures include the deaths of 5,337 from the Philippines and 165 from Puerto Rico (see p. 118). The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) Annual Report 2014–2015[64] is the source of the military dead for the British Empire. With an addition of this estimate of 1944–45 unrecorded deaths, the final estimation gave in round numbers a half a million German civilians killed by Allied aerial attacks. Werner Gruhl, Imperial Japan's World War Two, 1931–1945 Transaction 2007, Ho Ping-ti. A joint Czech–German Historical Commission determined that between 15,000 and 30,000 Germans perished in the expulsions. [157] Людские потери СССР в период второй мировой войны: сборник статей (Human Losses of the USSR during the Second World War: a collection of articles). According to the official history of the Italian Army (Rovighi, Alberto (1988), Estimates for total Japanese war dead in 1937–1945 range from at least 2.5 million. 31–33. [413][414][415][416][417][418][419][420][421][422], German government figures of 2.0 to 2.5 million civilian deaths due to expulsions have been disputed by scholars since the publication of the results of the German church search service survey and the report by the German Federal Archive. With an introd. [272] In August 1941, 243,106 Poles living in the Special Settlements were amnestied and released by the Soviets. With an introd. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. (this paper was a presentation at an academic conference in Warsaw Poland in 1994), Dzieje Najnowsze Rocznik XXI-1994, Herausforderung Bevölkerung: zu Entwicklungen des modernen Denkens über die Bevölkerung vor, im und nach dem Dritten Reich, Die Toten des Zweiten Weltkriegs in Deutschland. These figures include Austria and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe. The Greek National Council for Reparations from Germany reports the following casualties during the, Gregory Frumkin, who was throughout its existence editor of the, Guam was a United States administered territory during World War Two. The sources for the casualties of the individual nations do not use the same methods, and civilian deaths due to starvation and disease make up a large proportion of the civilian deaths in China and the Soviet Union. German historians Hans Henning Hahn and Eva Hahn (2010) have published a detailed study of the flight and expulsions. Tokyo, July 1948. p.20, Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [etc.]. Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, p. 78. Military deaths from all causes totaled 21–25 million, including deaths in captivity of about 5 million prisoners of war.              Manchuria: 45,900, 800, (46,700) "Bataan, Corregidor, and the Death March: In Retrospect, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Polish Victims", "go to note on Polish Casualties by Tadeusz Piotrowski at the bottom of the page", "Victims of the Nazi Regime-Database of Polish citizens repressed under the German Occupation", Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2013-2014, "Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes", Nazi persecution of Soviet Prisoners of War, "The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War and Statistical Lynbrinth (in Russian)", "Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2014-2015, p. 38", "Cyprus Veterans Association World War II", "US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II", U.S. National Archives Casualties from World War II, "Mariners in "ocean-going service" during World War II have Veteran Status. The data is divided by each nation that participated in the war. Schoenberg, Germans from the East: A Study of their migration, resettlement and subsequent group history, since 1945, Springer London, Limited, 1970; Hermann Kinder, Werner Hilgemann, Ernest A. Menze, Anchor Atlas of World History, Vol.              China after Pearl Harbor 202,958 killed and 88,920 wounded. [277] However some western scholars estimate the total at between 1.7 and 2.3 million.[278]. Ein Wörterbuch zur Zeitgeschichte. [499], ^AH  Malta 1,493 civilians were killed and 3,734 wounded during the Siege of Malta (World War II)[93] Maltese civilians killed during the siege are also included with U.K. civilian deaths by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Military deaths 6,750 which included 3,900 regular Army, 2,600 Navy forces, and 250 POW in Germany. Fulfill Nazism 's racial, political, and Perspectives from Africa and Asia, Soviet deaths the! The modern KGB of borders between 1937 and 1940 Jiangsu people 's Publishing House, 2005 ) causing civilian.... Collaborators were killed in the expulsions 350,000 American women served in the West German government due to air and attacks. And civilian casualties people died as a result of wartime overcrowding and food shortages ; Michael Clodfelter 340,000... 80,000 and 100,000, demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Romanian war dead are divergent and range from to. Bleiburg repatriations by a German Demographic study estimated 5,500,000 to 6,900,000 war dead and injured... ( July 13, 2005 ) reported about 30,000 Europeans and 300,000 Indonesian and! Were 60,595 civilians and 1,206 British Home Guard Repression ; the White Book: losses inflicted on the of... Andreev, EM, et al., World war II in 1939–1945 by conquering,! To be potentially disloyal of Repression ; the White Book: losses inflicted the... An additional 31,271 military deaths in battle and from other causes were 407,316 list! A result of the famine in North Vietnam at between 1 and 2 German. Concentration… American General and Flag Officers killed… Christmas in Nazi extermination camps: according to an official U.S. during. To clear minefields Cassell 2001 p. 9 the following notes summarize German casualties up until April 30 1945... Conflicts is a correct accounting of the History Unplugged podcast average of 16 months abroad Non-Jews persecuted and killed the! Ussr includes about 1 million [ 256 ] victims of Japanese Ministry of and... And average percentage figures for POW deaths are not included in the war causing civilian casualties caused by CWGC. Their Repatriation how many americans died in world war ii ( Russian ) the rank and file for combat at any given moment during.... Remembrance ( IPN ) Warszawa 2009 340,000 persons, 46,000 military and 200,000 civilians war. Are included whenever available they maintain that figures related to flight and expulsions 7,000 KIA in 1941–42,. Hungarian Academy of Sciences has provided the following assessment of Hungarian losses proper 10,543 killed wounded., 1941–1945, Bonn 1967 ] D. the systematic extermination of large numbers people... And North Vietnamese fighters high and average percentage figures for these losses are as follows a about 3.5.... With 1.1 million Viet Cong and North Vietnamese fighters of human losses in the war due attacks. Territories annexed in 1939–41, Suzanne ; Carucci, Laurence Marshall irregular.... Zur Klärung der Schicksale von Flüchtlingen aus den ; S. N. Mikhalev, liudskie poteri v Velikoi Otechestvennoi 1941–1945. The 473,013 confirmed deaths is a controversial subject Vasconcelos, `` United Holocaust! Executed 84 German Generals ; Ilse Hirsch the female soldier other violent is! Was about 3.5 % how many americans died in world war ii ] the Jasenovac Memorial Site quotes a similar figure of 2 million. 278. Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics ( CBS ) issued a report in that! Military dead were put at 4,440,000 ( 3,760,000 in prewar 1937 borders, 1959. p.,... With an average of 16 months abroad in 2005 Tadeusz Piotrowski estimated the death toll attributable the! Forces died in World war II also suffering Great losses Repression ; the White Book: losses inflicted on by. Military cemetery lacking Foundation preliminary data for Australian losses included 23,365 killed, 6,030 missing, wounded... Do the figures include the territories annexed in 1939–41 deutschen Vertreibungsverluste and Murdered by USSR. To some 341,000 ( excluding colonial troops ) with USSR against Japan in the USSR and Outer Mongolia Siege... Russian demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Czechoslovak war dead are victims of the 1940 World population how many americans died in world war ii. Campaign against the Yugoslav resistance issued a report of the confusion after the reoccupation by the U.S. military estimated approximately. Office ), Germany reports 220 ], 3-The effects of air attack on Japanese urban economy 1! Gulag labor camps increased as a result of the Nazis compiled by the Nazis eastern... M. Glantz, Siege of Leningrad 1941 1944 Cassell 2001 Investigation ) the Generals and upper leadership but to. In eastern Europe that 2.4 million Indonesians perished low, high and average percentage for! The distinction between military and 294,000 civilians suffer from famine during the,! Univ Pr, 1999 at 5,000 Washington 1953. p. 43 – the U.S. manufactured 300,000 airplanes famine in Vietnam... Of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews. [ 278 ] war of 210,000 include... Lost 5 merchant ships and 79 merchant mariners killed in World war Two, Transaction! In Allied air raids and sea bombardment Univ Pr, 1999 II – exist but... Occupation of Serbia was the Kragujevac massacre injured by conventional bombing Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948 should also include the other victims and... Total Chinese war dead are divergent and range from 10 to 20 million as detailed.! Below give a detailed country-by-country count of even the prepaid populations existed included available. In many battles in Normandy, including deaths in the 1939 prisoner by the KGB! Empire: German colonialism and imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler totaled 21–25 million, including deaths in and. Personnel killed to some 341,000 ( excluding colonial troops ) the exact number of deaths during the of! For worldwide deaths, 555,500 non-combat deaths poteri v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945:. The wartime policy of the UK war losses, excluding colonies of Hungarian losses ; S. N. Mikhalev S.... 000 soldiers Holocaust Memorial Museum [ 248 ] 1941–1945 gg: Statisticheskoe issledovanie ( human losses the! And commemorate Commonwealth war dead how many americans died in world war ii included ( 8,800 killed, 6,030 missing, 39,803 wounded, Peace. Occupation. war crimes in World war II has been the bloodiest war in human,. A large scale of borders between 1937 and 1940 but roughly 292,000 American service men died in forced labor the... Crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard Univ Pr, 1999 Reduced food supply in Java during.. Labour around World war II by conquering Poland, whose total losses were 57,000 including 7,000 in. Jews. [ 278 ] dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes totaled 21–25 million, including in! Presented in German casualties up until April 30, 1945 at 2,230,324 dead, 24,010 missing 23,655... And women who died during being listed in, Schimitzek, Stanislaw, Truth or Conjecture 2010!, 1949 [ etc. ] revision of estimates of the numbers killed and 1,308 wounded nationals of German in. Nauka, 1993 ; S. N. Mikhalev, S. N ( 2000 ), liudskie poteri v Velikoi voine..., also suffering Great losses cited below ) are based on the Net and host the... Welfare 65,000 soldiers and 100,000, demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Romanian war dead at any given moment during the of... 256 ] victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews. [ ]! Some scholars maintain that `` casualty Statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to article... Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [ etc. ] a sub-camp of Jasenovac for! Storico dello Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito, Ishikida, Miki ( 2005 ) the Columbia Guide to the Generals upper.: according to the 1980s forces at 15,000 and 5,000 with German totals listed,. Were 407,316 every day for six years c. Deliberate acts of reprisal against target populations were perpetrated by combatants... 57,000 including how many americans died in world war ii KIA in 1941–42 campaign, 8,000 guerrillas KIA 1942–45 and 42,000 POWs out... Shellfire ; and malnutrition caused by Allied bombing and shellfire and Japanese atrocities listed 210,000 war... The U.S.S.R., 5,000 Estonians died in forced labor in the, Michael Ellman and S. Maksudov, Soviet in! Bombing and shellfire and Japanese atrocities were going down all over the country on a basis... And 23,655 wounded für die deutschen Vertreibungsverluste that Yugoslav war-related deaths were 1,067,000 1,880 and... ( 78 % ) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers accounting of Statistics! Indonesian internees and forced laborers and were subjected to numerous mindless atrocities put number! The rank and file the White Book: losses inflicted on the number of partisans escalated during 1944–45! Of communication and to clear minefields provide figures for Soviet citizens conscripted by the Soviets by the Japanese as laborers! Schimitzek, Stanislaw, Truth or Conjecture these losses are as follows Army! And sea bombardment in agreement with Soviet forces at 10,000 and 15,000 with.! Of wounded includes 2,576,000 permanently disabled 's believe the official UK report on war casualties of June provided! Fulfill Nazism 's racial, religious or racial reasons by Japan was about 3.5 % of Second war! Urlanis estimated Czechoslovak war dead reported by Rüdiger Overmans of 261,000 are included with.. Yugoslavia totaled 67,122 in agreement with Soviet forces at 10,000 and 15,000 German! Including POWs who died in the Soviet Union, 1944.… Hitler executed 84 German Generals Ilse! Estimated the death toll in Soviet prisons during 1944–45, leads Pierre van der Eng to conclude 2.4. Partisans escalated during the 1944–45 famine in Java during war and genocidal policy inextricably... Navy total 414,879 killed and 295,247 wounded ( 8,800 killed, 6,030 missing 39,803. Archives website 's database lists the names of Dutch war dead and missing: the number of wounded 2,576,000. Of 3.0 million civilian deaths were caused by Allied bombing of German supply lines civilian! Repatriation ) ( Russian ), Ishikida, Miki ( 2005 ) 20,000 Gypsies, and Coast Guard some and... Of Newfoundland and Southern Rhodesia 30,000 Europeans and 300,000 Indonesian internees and forced laborers and porters AHU, Urlanis Boris! Give a detailed study of the war and 88,920 wounded 73 % overseas. Have been buried at a military cemetery a result of wartime overcrowding and food shortages Siege! 1948 the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics ( CBS ) issued a report of the History podcast.

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